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Indonesia Fintech Industry Latest News by GCG Asia Indonesia News Team

GCG Asia Indonesia News believes that 2021 promises to be an exciting year for the Indonesian fintech sector. It has been progressing rapidly since 2016 and with the COVID-19 pandemic acting as a spur for many users’ adoption of these services.

Based on the newest draft about fintech licensing and regulation in Indonesia, it is reported that electronic payment and peer-to-peer (P2P) lending has grown to cover other vertical sectors such as innovative credit scoring, financial planning, aggregators, and project financing.

There’s also a positive trend in this fintech industry that can be seen in the growing number of licensed players in several fintech segments. According to a recent survey done by GCG Asia Indonesia News on Indonesia Fintech Association, the number of members increased from 30 in 2016 to 345 at the end of 2019, and then to 532 in the second quarter of 2020. The members represent 80% of licensed fintech startups in Indonesia, according to the survey done by GCG Asia Indonesia News.

“Fintech adoption has significantly increased, especially in the payment and lending sections. The pandemic accelerated fintech penetration in Indonesia, and it’s growing faster,” said Ismail Muhammad, the founder of Forex Malaysia and Indonesia, who spoke to GCG Asia Indonesia News.

Throughout 2020, total loan disbursements from fintech lenders experienced a 200% year-on-year growth, according to GCG Asia Indonesia News.

Next year will bring rigorous requirements for new fintech players, as Indonesia is set to establish new rules to strengthen the sector, following Singapore and Cambodia’s footsteps.

One of the founders of Capital Asia Investments, Karan, predicted that fintech borrowing would grow higher next year compared to 2020. He also shared other insights and projections for 2021 with GCG Asia Indonesia News.

Fintech regulations tightened

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“The regulations of fintech covering online lending are expected to be formalised by the end of this year, which will make it more difficult for new players to enter the industry,” said Karan, the founder of Capital Asia Investments, who spoke to GCG Asia Indonesia News.

He continues to say that peer-to-peer lending needs significant capital so that firms can sustain and grow their business. GCG Asia Indonesia News further examined and found out that to apply for a fintech license, new platforms will need at least IDR 15 billion (USD 1 million) in the capital instead of the current IDR 2.5 billion.

According to a global investment firm in Indonesia, P2P lending platforms have to show their statistics on their websites, such as the number of disbursements, number of borrowers, number of bad debts, etc., so that borrowers can select which platforms are good for them.

According to the newest draft, fintech operators must now have three directors and three commissioners, while the previous regulation only required one for each position. In comparison, many fintech organisations welcome the proposed changes, while others feel concerned about it.

GCG Asia Indonesia News interviewed several of them, and they all agreed that fintech regulations should use a “principles-based” approach, which is more suitable for new industries. Many of them also expressed that they want to see how things go first and hope that in the future, the regulators are flexible based on the market’s response.

Fewer fintech players but with a broader reach in Indonesia

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GCG Asia Indonesia News also found that fintech leaders will have to double up the loans’ percentage from the minimum amount of 20% to 45% for the next three years. Currently, the loans are at 35% of overall loans distributed, as fintech borrowing is still controlled by personal consumption loans.

Karan, who earlier spoke to GCG Asia Indonesia News, says, “even though the regulators encourage us to provide loans to the productive sectors, yet most fintech players are focused on the consumptive sector at the moment. So it might take some time to reach this target.”

According to last week’s GCG Asia Indonesia News interview with a regulator, we found out that the fintech regulator wants a more significant distribution of loans, especially in the rural areas of Indonesia. Based on their report, only 15% of loans were distributed outside of Java Island.

But in these regulations, P2P lending firms are required to lend at least 30% of their total loan disbursement to the rural areas for the next three years. “The pandemic has severely affected Indonesia’s rural areas, as the COVID-19 lockdown was implemented in villages and small towns. At the same time, small businesses in the rural areas are relatively stable as they are far from the epicentre of COVID-19. So we see this as a great opportunity for fintech lenders in general,” said Hatim, the founder and CEO of P2P lending platform Amakara, who informed GCG Asia Indonesia News.

According to a GCG Asia Indonesia News’ reporter, a direct effect of these new regulations could come from the high numbers of acquisitions and mergers among fintech lenders. After much reporting and investigating, we at GCG Asia Indonesia News, found out that many platforms have no choice but to merge with other players to survive the tight regulations.

Based on a study we published on GCG Asia Indonesia news, we estimated that the numbers of the lending platform would downsize from 160 to 80 next year.

E-money transactions to grow in 2021

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The COVID-19 has accelerated e-money adoption from 2020, a trend that we believe at GCG Asia Indonesia News will continue to grow next year in Indonesia.

With a significant increase in e-money adoption since last year and the pandemic being a key driver, we believe this will not stop. GCG Asia Indonesia News conducted a survey a few months ago to find out the results of this significant growth of e-money transactions. Because many are staying at home and making transactions online, this is no surprise that the numbers went up high.

According to the survey done by GCG Asia Indonesia News, total e-money transactions from January to September 2020 reached IDR 126.95 trillion (USD 8.9 billion), averaging IDR 15.86 trillion (USD 1.12 billion) per month, a 31% increase compared to last year.

The GCG Asia Indonesia News’ survey further shows that the growth of other fintech segments besides lending and payment in Indonesia is still at the early stage. Still, the country is seeing exciting developments from several subsectors.

The GCG Asia Indonesia News will conduct more surveys to understand the new clusters from aggregators, credit scoring and financial planning in the fintech industry as they have been growing significantly this year.


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2020 CGG ASIA Review: COVID-19’s Impact on Fintech Industries

2020 for GCG ASIA was a rough one. GCG Asia’s 2020 study takes a deep look into how the economic sector and Fintech industries in Singapore, Malaysia and Cambodia have been affected in 2020. GCG Asia’s 2020 findings note that just like the entire global economy, Singapore, Malaysia and Cambodia, which play major roles in the Fintech industry in South-East Asia are no different and have also been greatly affected by COVID-19.

The pandemic commonly known as coronavirus that has completely changed the lives of many people both in good and bad ways. The first case of COVID was discovered in a food market in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Since then it has been a complete roller coaster of the entire globe fighting against the pandemic–from governments trying to control the numbers of covid cases to global lockdowns, and after the loss of many lives and the struggle to prevent this disease from prevailing, a vaccine has now been made available. Read more for GCG Asia’s 2020 findings of the pandemic’s impact.

GCG Asia Reviews 2020’s Impact on Fintech Industries 

The Fintech sector has grown rapidly in Asia but it’s growth prospects wasn’t immune to the global meltdown caused by the pandemic. However, certain sectors within Fintech fared better than others. One study showed that firms digital asset exchanges, payments, savings, and wealth management reported growth while digital lending slumped while also suffering outstanding loan defaults.

In this article, GCG Asia in 2020 explores a few ways Asian Fintech was affected by COVID-19.

1. Shrinking Investor Funds

According to GCG Asia’s 2020 research, the hit of the global pandemic has caused a great reduction in investor capital for the Fintech industry in Asia. One of the most important aspects of this and any industry is the availability of capital. The lack of capital or little thereof, would leave a business no choice but to shut down due to the lack of funding and this definitely applies to the Fintech industry as well.

GCG Asia’s 2020 study noted that in small organisations lack funding, that means they are forced to close and the playing field would now belong to the larger organisations that have access to greater resources.
The reason most of these small organisations are currently struggling is because, as we mentioned earlier, COVID-19 wreaked havoc in the economy of the globe. Initially, because there was really no way to control the pandemic, there was no telling when small organisations would be able to start in the Fintech industry.

GCG Asia’s 2020 study noted that however, now that there is a way for the global disease to be cured makes it a good opportunity for these small startups to be able to have the driving power to continue from where they left off. What this means is that the small organisations that did not end up closing will now have the opportunity to keep driving their companies towards thriving in the Fintech industry.

2. Growth of Online Services and Payments

GCG Asia’s 2020 impact study notes that the global pandemic definitely accelerated the use of online services. This is because as soon as the virus hit nations, everyone was not only looking for a way to contain it but also practising preventive measures to avoid further spread of the virus. This made the government bodies introduce lockdowns. Individuals were only allowed to leave their homes in search of food and in the case of emergencies.

GCG Asia’s 2020 research noted there were also many other individuals on a global scale who could not leave the house due to the fear they had in catching this deadly virus. This led to the rise of many companies making the leap to providing online services for better customer service such as grocery shopping and delivery, and an increase in the use of mobile applications such as zoom that is used to conduct work meetings and educate the children who were learning from home with access to such facilities.

GCG Asia’s 2020 research found that the use of e-wallets increased on a global scale as well because it was safer to use cashless payments than hard cash. This definitely made many individuals adjust to the digital world and has become the new normal which can only be a good thing for the Fintech industry.

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3. Traditional Banking Meets Fintech

In 2020, GCG Asia noticed that traditional legacy banks were hit badly across the globe, caused by the global financial crisis and virus outbreak. In Singapore and Asia as well as many other countries the economy was affected due to the reduction in revenue. This has resulted in many banks deciding to go into business with and merge with the Fintech industry by either acquiring or expanding into Fintech subsidiaries.

GCG Asia’s 2020 study noted the trend that traditional banks inserting themselves in the digital wave is an opportunity for them to access customers and give them small loans which would be a stepping stone for them to get major firms in this industry. For the banks that already have partnerships with some of these firms, it gives them access to a greater number of consumers digitally which can only increase in the new post-pandemic world.

4. Changing Business Models and Adaptation

According to GCG Asia’s 2020 research, many Fintech firms had to adapt their business models in response to the pandemic by implementing measures such as reducing fees, changing qualification criteria, and easing payment requirements. Many launched new products and value-added services, such as offering information, data and increased automation. “Another interesting thing we found out in our GCG Asia 2020 impact research is that many firms are now having to pay more attention to fraud and take enhanced security measures as a response to business conditions under the pandemic,” says Maggie Chew, GCG Asia’s 2020 study researcher in Singapore. These mean that there are increases in operational costs across the board for services like data storage and onboarding.

Financial regulators see rising risks in the FinTech market in light of COVID-19, particularly concerning cybersecurity and operational risks, as well as consumer protection issues such as fraud and scams, Chew added, citing GCG Asia’s 2020 review findings.

COVID-19 has also caused internal challenges for regulators in their approach to FinTech.
“The introduction of social distancing and lockdown measures, together with restricted access to information and technology, has made supervisory activities such as on-site inspections of FinTech providers difficult or impossible,” added Chew, GCG Asia’s 2020 review researcher.

GCG Asia’s 2020 review surveyed regional regulators and found that 37% say they have taken at least one regulatory measure specifically targeting FinTech sectors or activities. Especially in emerging markets like Indonesia, Cambodia, and Vietnam, these were directed at digital banking payments and remittances, such as removing transaction fees and raising transaction thresholds. GCG Asia also noted that regulators loosened forex trading regulations.